Popular Backend Frameworks To Use for Web App Development in 2022


As the applications become complex, the need for specialized libraries and frameworks also increases. For many years, web development has seen immense growth, and due to the widespread adoption of the internet and websites, it is vital to change how websites work.

web app development

Web frameworks are specialized software libraries that help developers to build their applications quickly. Frameworks come with the necessary code, eliminating the need to implement everything from scratch. With this in place, developers can focus on solving business problems and leave out low-level implementations for the framework.

Such an approach enhances developers' productivity and decreases development times, which results in more development in lesser time. It also reduces bugs and provides a standard template at the base of every web application.

There are numerous web programming languages in the world, and few of them are highly popular and suitable for web app development. Their vast communities have created backend frameworks that can be used to develop scalable and secure web applications. In this article, we will have a look at seven such backend web app development frameworks that you can use in 2022.

Popular Backend Frameworks for Web Applications in 2022

1. Django

If you love Python and the Object-relational mapping approach, you’ll love working with Django. It is a Python-based backend framework that is used to create scalable and secure web application backends. Django is a huge framework, and thus it has many things included, which will save development time. It has its own middleware, admin template, file serving, and templating engines, which make developing applications a lot easier.

Django is often the first choice for Python developers when it comes to building and maintaining high-performance and scalable applications. It helps you develop SEO-friendly web pages with server-side rendering, which increases your web app rankings and promotes its reach. It supports a wide variety of Python libraries and packages that can help you decrease development times by utilizing them as and when required.

2. Flask

Flask is another Python framework on this list. It is a micro-framework that comes with all the necessary and highly important features of a backend framework, but it leaves out gimmicky things.

Flask is used heavily in AI and ML applications because of its lightweight nature. It is a raw framework, and you have to implement many things on your own. But this also encourages customization as per your needs. As it does not focus on any single type of database, you have more extensive options to choose from and connect with your web application.

Flask does not have admin panels inbuilt, and there is no authentication method too. But you can add anything that you want with the help of libraries, and you can even implement things on your own.

You should definitely use Flask when your project is small or when you need a lightweight backend that can serve your ML or AI projects effortlessly.

3. ExpressJS

If you are a Javascript software developer, you might know ExpressJS. It is a nodejs library/framework that is used to create APIs and microservices using javascript. Since NodeJS was introduced, it was possible to create server-side code and use javascript as a backend language. Though nodejs is exceptionally refined and has excellent execution speeds, express js is often used to make things easier.

Express comes with many inbuilt features that enhance inbuilt node js features and make your web application more scalable. It provides superfast execution, and with the non-blocking IO model, there is always space for new requests on the server.

Moreover, one added benefit of using ExpressJS is that you can use javascript on the frontend as well as the backend.

4. Laravel

PHP is the language that powers web2.0 websites. It introduced dynamicity and interactivity to websites. For many years, Laravel has been the leading backend web application framework for PHP developers, and it will continue to be so in the coming years.

Following the MVC architecture, Laravel provides developers with an option to create applications quickly while keeping them easily maintainable. Laravel brings more power to PHP applications, and many things that were previously impossible can now be achieved with Laravel.

If you need a highly secure web application, Laravel will serve your purpose with ease. It has inbuilt hashing algorithms that make your passwords strong and applications impenetrable.

Laravel is here to stay, and there are many Laravel Development Agency in the market that can help you build flawless applications at very cheap rates.

5. ASP.NET Core

ASP.NET Core is a part of the .NET family of languages and tech stack created and maintained by Microsoft. It is a free and open-source backend development framework that anyone can use to create bespoke applications.

This framework uses C# as its primary language, and using this language, it can serve users of multiple platforms seamlessly. It is the ideal choice when your primary user base belongs to windows environments or when your servers have windows OS.

Moreover, you can create APIs and microservices quickly using this framework, as it follows code reusability principles.

6. Spring

Java developers love the Spring framework. It is a widely used backend framework with many excellent features. Being powered by Java, it is compiled every time there is a change and type checking is done. If there are any errors, the program does not compile, and this results in fewer runtime bugs.

Spring is harder to configure, but once done correctly, you can build applications of all types on it effortlessly. Spring also has a better version known as spring boot which comes with lots of boilerplate code and configurations which make developing and deploying applications easier.

This framework allows you to follow design practices effectively, and it is based on the MVC architecture. The MVC architecture provides an awesome way to separate business logic, front end, and databases in a way that does not hinder development and processing.

If you love to build applications that will always get newer features and fantastic community support, then you should choose Spring.

7. Ruby On Rail

Ruby is an old language, and that is why it has a well-maintained and mature backend development framework. Ruby on rails also follows the MVC architecture and provides support for almost all major database types.

RoR also has an extensive collection of libraries and plugins that can be integrated without writing much code. Being an open-source framework, it has a significant community, and the framework receives security and feature updates regularly.

RoR focuses a lot on quality; hence it goes excellent with test-driven development models where everything is tested thoroughly before it goes into production environments. If you have significant knowledge of Ruby, you should surely use this framework to power web applications in 2022.


Frameworks are tools to get the work done. Not every framework is suitable for every kind of work, and you should only use the best framework that suits your requirement. Before choosing a framework to develop your web application in 2022, you should understand your requirements and find out the most suitable framework from this list of popular frameworks.